The biological weapons as per the CDC classification are classified into three categories, Category A, B and C, as given in Table 1, based on the priority of the agents to pose a risk to the national security and the ease with which they can be disseminated .
Watch out a lot more about it. Thereof, what are the three categories of biological agents?
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) breaks biological agents into three categories: Category A, Category B, and Category C. Category A agents pose the greatest threat to the U.S. Criteria for being a Category “A” agent include high rates of morbidity and mortality; ease of dissemination and
Subsequently, question is, how are bioterrorism agents categorized? Classification of Bioterrorism Agents Included among Category B agents are ones that could conceivably threaten water and food safety. Category C includes pathogens that are considered emerging infectious disease threats and which could be engineered for mass dissemination. The ability of the agent to be disseminated.
One may also ask, what is a bioterrorism attack?
A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs to cause illness or death. Scientists worry that anthrax, botulism, Ebola and other hemorrhagic fever viruses, plague, or smallpox could be used as biological agents.
What is a biological threat?
A biologic threat is an infectious disease with the potential to spread and cause an outbreak. Infectious diseases are illnesses caused by germs (such as bacteria and viruses). Biologic threats may spread naturally, as in a worldwide flu outbreak or be released intentionally in a bioterrorism attack.
What is the deadliest biological weapon?
- The Hanta virus from Bunyaviridae family of viruses has a mortality rate of up to 50%.
- Anthrax is one of the most potential biological weapons in the world.
- Botulinum bacteria as a bio-weapon can be distributed through aerosol or by contamination of water and food supplies.
What are Category A agents?
Included among them are the Category A agents – anthrax, dengue, Ebola, smallpox, and tularemia – as well as Category B and C agents such as chikungunya, influenza, and Zika.
Is cancer a pathogen?
Strictly speaking, cancer is not contagious. But a fair number of cancers are clearly caused by viral or bacterial infections: lymphomas can be triggered by the Epstein-Barr virus, which also causes mononucleosis. Liver cancers can be caused by Hepatitis B and C.
Which is a biological agent?
Biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, other microorganisms and their associated toxins. They have the ability to adversely affect human health in a variety of ways, ranging from relatively mild, allergic reactions to serious medical conditions—even death.
When was bioterrorism first used?
In 1972, all US biological warfare agents and supplies were destroyed. The first example of state-supported bioterrorism in recent history occurred in 1978.
What are biological agents examples?
Biological agents are widely found in the natural environment and as a result found in many work sectors. They include bacteria, viruses, fungi (including yeasts and moulds) and internal human parasites (endoparasites). The majority of these agents are harmless however some may have potential to cause ill health.
How are biological agents classified?
Biological Agents are classified in the Code of Practice to the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work (Biological Agents) Regulations, 2013, into four risk groups – groups 1, 2, 3 and 4. The classification system is based on whether: The agent is pathogenic to humans. The agent is a hazard to employees.
How can you protect yourself from bioterrorism?
Depending on the situation, wear a face mask to reduce inhaling or spreading germs. If you have been exposed to a biological agent, remove and bag your clothes and personal items. Follow official instructions for disposal of contaminated items. Wash yourself with soap and water and put on clean clothes.
How can bioterrorists achieve their goals?
Biological weapons achieve their intended target effects through the infectivity of disease-causing infectious agents. Bioterrorism is defined as the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria or other agents used to cause illness or death in people, but also in animals or plants.
When was the last bioterrorist attack?
Another potential agent of bioterrorism is smallpox, which, unlike anthrax, can spread from person to person. Smallpox is no longer a disease of concern in the natural world — because concerted vaccination efforts stamped it out — and the last naturally spread case occurred in 1977.
What is bioterrorism threat about?
Bioterrorism is the intentional release or threat of release of biologic agents (i.e. viruses, bacteria, fungi or their toxins) in order to cause disease or death among human population or food crops and livestock to terrorize a civilian population or manipulate the government .
What is bioterrorism used for?
Bioterrorism agents have been used in acts of warfare for thousands of years. This has included dipping arrows into toxins, poisoning food and water supplies, and deliberately spreading deadly infections.