“Tragedy,” says Aristotle, “is an imitation [mimēsis] of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude…through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation [catharsis] of these emotions.” Ambiguous means may be employed, Aristotle maintains in contrast to Plato, to a virtuous and purifying end.
Read complete answer here. Accordingly, what is imitation according to Aristotle?
The idea is the reality. An imitation of that idea is just a copy of the reality. The poet imitates this copy; hence his imitation is imitation of imitation. Aristotle proclaimed that the poet imitates “the ideal reality,” not the mere shadow of things. He creates something new according to his own “idea” of it.
what are the three types of imitation? of imitation. These, then, as we said at the beginning, are the three differences which distinguish artistic imitation– the medium, the objects, and the manner. Medium of imitation: Poetry through language or song through rhythm, language, melody, harmony. Object of imitation: Men in action.
Furthermore, what is tragedy an imitation of?
According to Aristotle, tragedy is the imitation of an action which is serious and of a certain magnitude, narrated on the stage through action, and leading to the catharsis of emotions such as pity and fear. The presentation of the story is done through suitable dialogue.
What is an example of imitation?
noun. Imitation is defined as the act of copying, or a fake or copy of something. An example of imitation is creating a room to look just like a room pictured in a decorator magazine. An example of imitation is fish pieces sold as crab.
What are the three modes of imitation as suggested by Aristotle?
The three basic media which Aristotle recognizes are rhythm, language, and harmony. He proceeds to categorize different arts based on the medium or media they use. Music combines both rhythm and harmony, while dance uses only the rhythmical movement of the dancers to convey its message.
What’s the difference between Plato and Aristotle?
Plato believed that concepts had a universal form, an ideal form, which leads to his idealistic philosophy. Aristotle believed that universal forms were not necessarily attached to each object or concept, and that each instance of an object or a concept had to be analyzed on its own.
What does Plato mean by imitation?
Plato (427–347 B.C.E.) is notorious for attacking art in Book 10 of his Republic. According to Plato’s Theory of Forms, objects in this world are imitations or approximations of ideal Forms that are the true reality. A chair in this world is just an imitation or instantiation of the Form of Chair.
What is imitation According to Plato?
In his theory of Mimesis, Plato says that all art is mimetic by nature; art is an imitation of life. He believed that ‘idea’ is the ultimate reality. Art imitates idea and so it is imitation of reality. He gives an example of a carpenter and a chair. The idea of ‘chair’ first came in the mind of carpenter.
What is the difference between Plato’s approach and Aristotle approach to imitation?
For Plato imitation means copying, whereas for Aristotle it is creative and dynamic. It is representation and not just copying that Aristotle has in mind, not a representation of men as they are. The artist imitates things as they ought to
What does Aristotle say about catharsis?
The feelings they arouse are subordinated to another effect. Aristotle begins by saying that tragedy arouses pity and fear in such a way as to culminate in a cleansing of those passions, the famous catharsis. The word is used by Aristotle only the once, in his preliminary definition of tragedy.
What is the theory of imitation?
In a strict sense, the theory refers to imitation of a reality that can be perceived through the senses. The imitation theory is often associated with the concept of “mimesis”, a Greek word that originally meant “imitation”, “representation” or “copy”, specifically of nature.
What is a perfect tragedy?
A perfect tragedy, he says, should imitate actions that excite “pity and fear.” He uses Sophocles’ Oedipus the King as a paradigm.
What is the law of probability and necessity?
The law of probability and necessity refers to the internal structure of the poem. The very fact that the poet selects his material and imposes order on it, and produces an effect of ‘inevitability’ about the sequence of events, embodies the essence of poetic truth.
What are the objects of tragic imitation?
He enumerates its formative elements as Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle and Song. Plot, Character and Thought are concerned with the objects of representation. Diction and Song (Melody) have to do with the means of representation; and spectacle relates to the manner of representation.
Which playwright added a second actor?
How does the tragic effect relate to the purgation of emotions?
The essential tragic effect depends on maintaining the intimate alliance between pity and fear. Thus purgation of the emotions of pity and fear does not mean the removal of these emotions, but to a healthy and balanced proportion.