Saturated hydrocarbons are molecules with only single bonds. They consist of a carbon atom bonded to a maximum number of hydrogen atoms. Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons and classified as a type of aliphatic hydrocarbon. Each single bond in a saturated hydrocarbon is a covalent bond.
See full answer to your question here. Similarly, you may ask, how do you know if a hydrocarbon is saturated?
Saturated hydrocarbons only contain carbon-carbon single bonds with the maximum number of hydrogens relative to the number of carbon atoms. It can be said that the carbon atoms are “saturated” with hydrogen atoms in the same way a saturated solution has dissolved the maximum amount of solute.
Also, what is saturated hydrocarbon class 10? CBSE NCERT Notes Class 10 Chemistry Carbon and Its Compounds. All carbon compounds having carbon and hydrogen are known as hydrocarbons. The saturated hydrocarbons having single bonds are called alkanes. For example, Methane, Ethane etc.
In this manner, what is difference between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon?
A saturated hydrocarbon is the hydrocarbon in which all its carbon-carbon bonds are single. e.g alkanes like ethane ,propane. An unsaturated hydrocarbon,however, is the one in which some carbon-carbon bonds can be double or triple. e.g alkenes like ethene have double bonds while alkynes like ethyne have triple bonds.
What does it mean to be saturated?
Definition of saturated. 1 : full of moisture : made thoroughly wet. 2a : being a solution that is unable to absorb or dissolve any more of a solute at a given temperature and pressure. b : being an organic compound having no double or triple bonds between carbon atoms saturated fats.
Is benzene saturated or unsaturated?
Benzene, C6H6, is highly unsaturated—it has six fewer hydrogen atoms than cyclohexane, C6H12– its cyclic saturated counterpart. Although benzene is represented by a hexagon that contains three double bonds, unlike alkenes it does not undergo addition reactions with reagents such as bromine, HBr, or water.
How do you determine if a molecule is saturated or unsaturated?
If more solute is added and it does not dissolve, then the original solution was saturated. If the added solute dissolves, then the original solution was unsaturated. A solution that has been allowed to reach equilibrium but which has extra undissolved solute at the bottom of the container must be saturated.
What physical properties do you expect to see in saturated hydrocarbons?
Saturated hydrocarbons are not soluble in water and have lower densities than water. Melting and boiling points increase with increasing carbon chain length or ring size.
What is a saturated solution?
The term saturated solution is used in chemistry to define a solution in which no more solute can be dissolved in the solvent. It is understood that saturation of the solution has been achieved when any additional substance that is added results in a solid precipitate or is let off as a gas.
What is the main source of hydrocarbons?
Hydrocarbons are organic compounds made up of two elements (carbon and hydrogen) only, hence their source name. The main source of hydrocarbons is crude oil. There are many hydrocarbons. They can be classified into two main classes: aliphatic and the aromatic hydrocarbons.
What is saturated or unsaturated?
Saturated fatty acids lack double bonds between the individual carbon atoms, while in unsaturated fatty acids there is at least one double bond in the fatty acid chain. Saturated fats tend to be solid at room temperature and from animal sources, while unsaturated fats are usually liquid and from plant sources.
Why saturated hydrocarbons are not good for health?
Since saturated hydrocarbons are fairly unreactive since they have long and complete valence bonds hence its hard bor the enzymes to act As a result they continue to be in their original form contributing to the adipose tissues increasing body weight ….
What is meant by saturated and unsaturated?
If all the four valency of carbon in an organic compound chain are satisfied by means of single covalent bond then, the given compound is saturated. If the compound has even a single double or triple bond it is unsaturated compound.
How do you identify an alkene?
A simple test with bromine water can be used to tell the difference between an alkane and an alkene. An alkene will turn brown bromine water colourless as the bromine reacts with the carbon-carbon double bond. In fact this reaction will occur for unsaturated compounds containing carbon-carbon double bonds.
What is saturated organic compound?
A saturated organic compound has only single or bonds between carbon atoms. An important class of saturated compounds are the alkanes. Many saturated compounds have functional groups, e.g., alcohols.
Is alkene saturated or unsaturated?
Explanation: Alkenes and alkynes are called unsaturated compounds because the carbon atoms do not have as many hydrogen atoms as they possibly could. A saturated compound contains a chain of carbon atoms joined by single bonds, with hydrogen atoms filling all of the other bonding orbitals of the carbon atoms.
What makes a hydrocarbon unsaturated?
Unsaturated hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons that have double or triple covalent bonds between adjacent carbon atoms. The configuration of an unsaturated carbons include straight chain, such as alkenes and alkynes, as well as branched chains and aromatic compounds.