What does Clatsop mean? The Clatsop are a small tribe of Chinookan-speaking Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. In the early 19th century they inhabited an area of the northwestern coast of present-day Oregon from the mouth of the Columbia River south to Tillamook Head, Oregon.
where did the Pacific Northwest live?
Northwest Indians live along the Pacific Ocean, from southern Alaska, through coastal British Columbia, and into Washington State. This group is well known for its hand-crafted totem poles.
What language is Chinook? Chinook Jargon (also known as Chinuk Wawa, or Chinook Wawa) is a nearly extinct American indigenous language originating as a pidgin trade language in the Pacific Northwest, and spreading during the 19th century from the lower Columbia River, first to other areas in modern Oregon and Washington, then British Columbia
which tribe was located in the Pacific Northwest?
The Northwest Coast Indian peoples, who lived in the Pacific Northwest, can be classified into four units, or “provinces.” The northern province includes speakers of Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and the Tsimshian-influenced Haisla (northernmost Heiltsuq or Kwakiutl).
What was the climate for the Chinook tribe?
Chinook climate summary The Chinook lies on 6m above sea level The climate in Chinook is warm and temperate. In winter, there is much more rainfall in Chinook than in summer. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Csb. The rainfall here is around 2092 mm | 82.4 inch per year.
what kind of houses did the Chinook live in?
The Chinooks lived in coastal villages of rectangular cedar-plank houses. Usually these houses were large (up to 70 feet long) and each one housed an entire extended family.
Where do Chinooks live?
The Chinook are a group of North American Indians from the Northwest Coast who spoke Chinookan. They lived in what is now Washington and Oregon, mainly around the Columbia River and Pacific Ocean.
What were plank houses made out of?
The Plank House was a typical structure used as a house style that was built by many tribes of the Pacific Northwest Coast cultural group who made them their homes. The windowless Plank Houses varied in size but were built in a rectangular shape using planks of wood from red cedar trees.
What was the Chinook religion?
The religion and beliefs of the Chinook tribe was based on the belief in a Great Spirit and consisted of a mythology based on protective spirits and animal deities. One of their most important rituals of the Chinook tribe was the First Salmon feast which honored the salmon.
Why is a Chinook called a chinook?
The Chinook is named after the Chinook Indians who lived along the Columbia River, and who were the first people to tell stories of “The Great South Wind”, or, in their language, the “Snow Eater”.
How many tribes are in the Pacific Northwest?
Today 17 separate tribes make up the Kwakwakaʼwakw, who historically spoke the common language of Kwakʼwala.
What kind of homes did Native Americans live in?
The list of different types of Native American homes and shelters included tepees, wigwams, brush shelters, wickiups, chickees (stilt houses), earthen houses, hogans, earth lodges, pit houses, longhouses, adobe houses, pueblos, asi wattle and daub, grass houses, tule lodges, beehive thatched houses, kiich and
What did the Pacific Northwest Indians trade?
Brought from the coast were cedar baskets, fish oil, shells, and smoked seafoods. More exotic items, like copper and special woods, were even traded from Eskimos (Inuit) in Siberia and Alaska, who received dentalia (tusk shell) from Vancouver Island in exchange.
Which resource was most valuable to the Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest?
Of all the resources available to the Northwest Coast peoples, the two most important were cedar and salmon. Cedar provided the raw material from which houses, boats, baskets, boxes, clothing, and carvings of every imaginable kind were made.
What did the Pacific Northwest believe in?
The Native Americans in the Pacific Northwest believed that all living things were watched over by guardian spirits. This included animals, trees, people, and even some inanimate objects like the wind, storms, and water.