What is the just world hypothesis quizlet?

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Fundamental attribution error. Tendency to attribute others’ behavior to causes within themselves. Justworld hypothesis. People get what they deserve. Bad things happen to bad people, and good things happen to good people.

What causes groupthink? What causes groupthink? There are several well-known causes of groupthink—group cohesiveness, overall isolation of the group, rigid leadership and decisional stress. The absence of criticism, which is a natural result of this isolation, leads to the illusion of the group’s invulnerability and ultimate morality.

what is the just world hypothesis psychology quizlet?

The “just world hypothesis” makes violent mistreatment seem more understandable (i.e. the victim must have done something to deserve it) and makes the world seem safer and saner.

What is groupthink and why does it occur? Groupthink is a psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people in which the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome. Furthermore, groupthink can produce dehumanizing actions against the “outgroup”.

what is groupthink quizlet?

Groupthink occurs when groups place group harmony above motivation to assess plans of. homogeneous. groups are most susceptible to Groupthink. inherent morality of the group.

What is an example of groupthink?

Groupthink occurs in groups when individual thinking or individual creativity is lost or subverted to stay within the comfort zone of the consensus view. A classic example of groupthink was the decision making process that lead to the Bay of Pigs invasion, whereby the US administration looked to overthrow Fidel Castro.

what is just world hypothesis in psychology?

JustWorld Hypothesis. By Renée Grinnell. The idea that people need to believe one will get what one deserves so strongly that they will rationalize an inexplicable injustice by naming things the victim might have done to deserve it. Also known as blaming the victim, the justworld fallacy, and the justworld effect.

What is an example of the fundamental attribution error?

The fundamental attribution error is the tendency people have to overemphasize personal characteristics and ignore situational factors in judging others’ behavior. For example, in one study when something bad happened to someone else, subjects blamed that person’s behavior or personality 65% of the time.

What is the main point of the textbook discussion of Milgram’s obedience study?

Individuals will obey authority to the point of potentially causing serious harm to another person.

What is psychological phenomenon?

All throughout history, humans have experienced things called psychological phenomena – mind tricks that sometimes defy explanation but are experienced by most people. Here are 10 of them, with a description of the phenomenon itself (when it has one!) and an example of it in action with a real, live human being.

What is a behavioral phenomenon?

“Behavioral phenomena” refers to the observable actions of individuals or groups and to mental phenomena such as knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, motivations, perceptions, cognitions, and emotions.

How does social perception affect human behavior?

How social perception can automatically influence behavior. We review findings that suggest that the social knowledge that is incidentally activated while reading words or imagining events subsequently affects participants’ behaviors across a range of ostensibly unrelated domains.

What is an example of a belief?

noun. The definition of a belief is an opinion or something that a person holds to be true. Faith in God is an example of a belief.

What is an example of just world phenomenon?

Examples. Amy is watching Bob cook. Bob gets burnt by the hot frying pan. Amy assumes this is because Bob did something mean to Amy’s friend Charles.

What is the scapegoat hypothesis?

Scapegoat theory refers to the tendency to blame someone else for one’s own problems, a process that often results in feelings of prejudice toward the person or group that one is blaming. Scapegoating serves as an opportunity to explain failure or misdeeds, while maintaining one’s positive self-image.

Which is the just world hypothesis?

The just-world hypothesis or just-world fallacy is the cognitive bias (or assumption) that a person’s actions are inherently inclined to bring morally fair and fitting consequences to that person, to the end of all noble actions being eventually rewarded and all evil actions eventually punished.