The most common elements present in organic compounds are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.
Read rest of the answer. Moreover, which element is closely associated with the field of organic chemistry quizlet?
Carbon has the ability to bond together to form extensive branched or unbranched “carbon skeletons.”
Beside above, how do partially hydrogenated vegetable oils differ from unmodified vegetable oils? they contain fewer double bonds. Unfortunately, unhealthy trans fats can be produced by this process.
One may also ask, which is the correct term for compounds that do not mix with water quizlet?
hydrophobic ; Hydrophobic compounds are those that are insoluble in water. Nutritionally, saturated triglycerides are considered to be less healthy than unsaturated triglycerides. Consider the differences between the two molecules shown below.
Are carbon skeletons branched or unbranched?
Carbon skeletons vary in length. The skeleton may have double bonds, which can vary in location. Skeletons may be branched or unbranched. Some carbon skeletons are arranged in rings.
What does the term amino acid signify?
What does the term amino acid signify about the structure of such a molecule? It has both an amino group (—NH2), which makes it an amine, and a carboxyl group (—COOH), which makes it a carboxylic acid. e shape of the molecule would also change, likely changing the molecules with which it can interact.
What does the term amino acid signify about the structure of the molecule quizlet?
What does the term amino acid signify about the structure of such a molecule? It has both an amino group (—NH 2 ), which makes it an amine, and a carboxyl group (—COOH), which makes it a carboxylic acid. The ATP molecule loses a phosphate, becoming ADP.
How many atoms can carbon bond?
Carbon forms 4 bonds with other atoms. Please note that carbon need not always form bonds to four atoms. A carbon could form a double bond with an oxygen and then two single bonds to hydrogen atoms. The carbon is only bonded to three atoms, but is forming a total of four bonds (1 double and 2 singles).
Which biological activity does not directly involve proteins?
Which biological activity does NOT directly involve proteins? Defending cells against viruses. Changing the shape of a cell. Sensing light.
What is the three dimensional shape created by hybrid orbitals?
The shape of this backbone is determined by the types of hybrid orbitals making up the bonds between the central carbon atoms. If the central carbon atoms are sp 3 hybridized, the molecule will possess a tetrahedral shape.
What are the lipids that form the main structural component of cell membranes?
The principal components of the plasma membrane are lipids (phospholipids and cholesterol), proteins, and carbohydrate groups that are attached to some of the lipids and proteins. A phospholipid is a lipid made of glycerol, two fatty acid tails, and a phosphate-linked head group.
What is the process by which cells link monomers together?
Which molecule is a nucleotide?
A nucleotide is the basic building block of nucleic acids. RNA and DNA are polymers made of long chains of nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base.
What does the term polypeptide refer?
A polypeptide is is a chain of amino acids that have been linked together by dehydration reactions. The “primary structure” of a protein refers to. the sequence of amino acids. You just studied 22 terms!
What is a organic compound that is not soluble in water?
Some organic compounds are soluble only in organic solvents. They do not dissolve in water. If they do not dissolve in water, those organic compounds are non-polar compounds. As an example, methane is soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether, benzene, toluene, methanol, acetone.
Which type of cell is most likely to have the most mitochondria?
Does Alzheimer’s disease cause proteins in the brain to become improperly folded?
Amyloid plaques are the sticky buildup of proteins that accumulate outside nerve cells. The protein forming plaques in Alzheimer’s patients is normally soluble. When the protein folds improperly, it forms amyloid deposits that are associated with brain inflammation.